Fuel Tank Safety and Maintenance in Aircrafts

Operating an aircraft is a huge responsibility, as the safety of goods and the lives of people are in your hands. However, some operators often put maintenance on the backseat. As a result, the aircraft can later have expensive damages and impose costly downtime on the operation to carry out repairs. Aircraft fuel system maintenance and inspection is a must if your goal is to have safe and reliable aircraft.

Proper inspection of the aircraft should include a thorough investigation of the aircraft especially the interior part of its fuel tank, which needs intense examination and attention to detail. Tanks must be checked for multiple inconsistencies such as fuel leakage, fuel quantity probe replacement, fuel boost pump obstructions, faulty wiring, F.O.D. or foreign object debris, any structural damage to wings like cracks and corrosion, and sealant deterioration.

If the tank is accessible, technicians must physically crawl inside the tank to perform proper inspections and maintenance. Specialized training and procedures exist to protect technicians from the hazards of their job. Emergency response plan must also be in place in case of accidents. It is equally important as well to choose the best fuel tanks for the aircrafts firsthand.


Standard Procedures

It is imperative to purchase a quality fuel tank for an aircraft right from the beginning. You can never compromise the safety of the crew and the passengers when it comes to aircraft equipment, parts, and features. Before a technician can safely enter a tank for maintenance, there are procedures that need to be done, including the following:

  • The aircraft must be electrically grounded and defueled.
  • Fire protection equipment must be gathered and have them on standby.
  • Aircraft systems must be deactivated.
  • Proper ventilation must be ensured.
  • Air quality within the tanks must be monitored frequently.
  • Oxygen and flammable vapor concentrations within the tank must be monitored using portable gas detectors.


Proper Training

Proper training of the crew is essential to avoid any untoward accidents in maintaining and repairing aircraft fuel tanks. Constant and accurate verbal communication must be maintained among technicians while doing the maintenance. There must also be continuous monitoring of the aircraft fuel tanks and their surroundings. All technicians must have the knowledge and skills of the critical components inside the fuel tanks of the aircraft and their functions to prevent personnel injury and costly damage to the aircraft.


Emergency Response Plan

Serious and grave issues can occur with aircraft fuel systems maintenance. The interior of a fuel tank is a very hazardous environment and freak accidents may not be avoided. All aircraft service and maintenance procedures should include an emergency response plan in case unfortunate events happen.



Aircraft fuel systems maintenance is a very complex and dangerous procedure and requires monitoring. Proper training, quality fuel tanks, and effective processes will help create a healthy work environment for fuel tank repair technicians and maintenance crews.


Types of Oil Rigs for Offshore Drilling

Offshore drilling rigs come in many different forms, designs, and sizes. Each types is designed to operate under certain conditions and circumstances. You’ll find rigs that are intended for very deep waters while others are for shallow waters. There are also rigs that are designed specifically for some parts of the world with highly unpredictable and extreme weather. An oilrig is typically built or hauled on the spot where the exact location of the oil source is.

The main types of offshore drilling machines that you can find in the industry are as follows:



For shallow bodies of water, which are normally less than 80 ft., you need to use the submersible drilling rigs that are highly mobile and versatile machines. You transport a submersible rig platform to the exact drilling location by towing it. Then you sink it until it reaches the bottom most part of the ocean floor. The rig is kept in place because of the weight of the structure. However, heavy-duty anchors might be necessary in certain areas to secure the platform in place.


Drill ship

Drill ships in essence, are self-powered drilling rigs that are made as either a newly built or a remodeling of an old vessel. These modern ships depend on the latest advance automated technology and control systems for them to remain in place over the drill location, which makes these refurbished vessels more reliant on regular anchor systems. Because drill ships are fully equipped with the modern technology responsible in keeping their position, they are highly efficient for use in the waters wherein other types of rigs might not be able to operate.



A jack-up drilling rig is ideal for deep-water operations because it is equipped with specialized legs that are able to submerge deep below the surface. Once the platform is positioned over the drill location, its legs go under water to stabilize the machine. These rigs are hauled and set up fully into position. They can operate in very deep waters, mostly in areas as deep as 650 ft. or more. Upon reaching the ocean surface, the rigs will continue to jack-down until it reaches a sufficient distance above the ocean surface, which is usually in the area of 50 ft.


Production platform

Production platforms are part of permanent structures. They are made on sites that have been confirmed to offer substantial amounts of gas or oil deposits. Once these rig platforms are constructed on the drilling location, they become immobile structures. These machines cannot be relocated to a new site. This type of drilling rig is built and used only for areas that are identified as abundant with the resource.



Operating oil rigs require sufficient knowledge and skills for the trade, and being familiar with the types of machines used is the first step in doing it right. Understanding the different types and designs of offshore rigs can help you do your work better, and help you choose the appropriate equipment for the job.  

On Men’s Health: Awareness in Treating Testosterone Deficiency

As more and more people are now aware and concerned about their sexual and reproductive health, the number of testosterone prescriptions has also dramatically increased over the recent years. Although there is an increase of testosterone medications being prescribed to men…there is still a rising concern surrounding testosterone treatment.

Note that the main indication for a testosterone prescription is replacement therapy. Pharmacists and the general public need to be aware of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) to ensure patient safety.

TRT is not for teenagers with normal levels of testosterone.

Testosterone is in its highest during puberty to early adulthood. The function of testosterone even begins in the prenatal period when the sex organs develop. They continue onwards and heightens during puberty, stimulating other male characteristics such as voice deepening and body hair growth. It also increases muscle mass, strength, and bone density. Too much testosterone is not also good for the body.

TRT is best given to androgen deficient patients due to pathological conditions.

Examples of androgen deficiency caused by certain medical conditions include Klinefelter’s syndrome, orchiectomy, and chemotherapy. Age-related testosterone decrease, which is known as late-onset hypogonadism is also considered. Men with metabolic syndrome or weakness may also benefit from TRT. These patients experience improvements in their overall health and quality of life, their insulin sensitivity, muscle strength, and bone health.

TRT must be given to patients who are truly diagnosed with testosterone deficiency.

Those who are considered as testosterone deficient present symptoms such as low energy, depressed mood, low sex drive, and erectile dysfunction.

TRT is designed as a long-term treatment.

A good percentage of new users received treatment for only 30 days or less. The therapy comes with some risks and every human body differs from another. Therefore, careful assessment of the patient and appropriate prescription must be given accordingly.

Testosterone is available in different forms.

TRT is available as oral tablets, gel, patches, injections, and more. Oral tablets are great because they are well absorbed from the intestine. However, they are quickly metabolized by liver enzymes. The gel, patches, and injections improve delivery because metabolism is avoided. It is important to discuss with your doctor which formulation is best for you.

Important Note

When you have a low testosterone level and it causes uncomfortable and unforgiving signs and symptoms, testosterone replacement therapy can be beneficial. Your signs and symptoms are influenced by how low your testosterone level is and how long it has been low. Testosterone replacement therapy is available all over Australia, so you won’t have a problem looking for treatment. Monitoring is critical, so keep in touch with your doctor regularly.

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